Turkey Turkey History

Today Turkey, the oldest country, has a lot of history and we will discuss some of the best historical facts of Turkey. The Turkish city of Istanbul served as the capital of Turkey's longest and most enduring empire, and Turkey is characterized as a cultural Mecca. The region got its present identity and name after the Turkish tribes faced the Byzantine Empire. After the First World War and the fall of the Ottomans, Turkey established a republic that took the name that had long referred to the region.

The country, now called the Republic of Turkey, was part of the Ottoman Empire until the fall of the Empire after World War I. The Turkish War of Independence followed, the last Sultan Mohammed VI was deposed and the Republic proclaimed. In 1923 Kemal founded his emerging republic, the first Turkish government under the name Turkish Republic.

At that time the Turks had conquered most of Anatolia and founded the Anatolian Seljuk state. The Ottoman Beylik, based in Bursa, was later to conquer other parts of Turkey, such as the provinces of Mardin, Kayseri and Diyarbakir, as well as other regions of the country.

The Soviet-Turkish Treaty gave Turkey a favorable settlement on its eastern border, which returned the cities of Kars and Ardahan to Turkey.

Ataturk's goal was to build a new country and society from the ruins of Ottoman Turkey, modelled directly on Western Europe. The new Turkey identified itself with the history, culture and perception of the Western world and claimed a complete break with the Ottoman-Islamic past. He truly believed that he should cut off the Eastern Muslim as a crucial part of his country's history and culture, and he truly believes that the new Turkey should be cut out as an "Eastern Muslim." The decisive defeat of the Byzantines marked the beginning of Turkey's transition from the Ottoman Empire to modern Turkey.

The vast majority of Turks today are more like southern Europeans than Central Asians, and the founders of the modern Turkish state see the world through the lens of Western Europe, embracing a religiously-centered bad story. The Turkish historiography of the twentieth century circumvents the Islamic Ottoman period and connects the Turkish nation of ancient Anatolia with the Hittites, who are recognized as the proto-Turks - Turks to whom the modern Turks can trace their ancestry.

Asian Turkey, which covers 97 percent of the country, is separated from European Turkey by the Bosphorus, the Marmara, and the Dardanelles. The Turks of Anatolia, or "Asian" parts of Turkey, have a much wider range of ethnic and religious affiliations than the majority of Turks in Europe.

Relations with Greece are uneasy, while Turkey and Armenia vehemently disagree over the Armenian genocide committed by Ottoman Turkey in 1915. Turkey intervened in Cyprus to prevent a Greek takeover of the island, but only Turkey recognises the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and it has acted only on behalf of Turkey, not as a guarantor of its sovereignty.

Tensions between Turkey and Iraq have reached a peak in recent weeks as Kurdish separatists escalated attacks in Iraq against Turkey. Turkey continues its military campaign against the Kurdistan Workers "Party (PKK) in northern Iraq, with heavy casualties on both sides.

The war also brought the Turkish Republic into conflict with the Ottoman Empire and its allies in the Middle East. Because of its hardness, modern Greece and Turkey are still indelibly shaped by him and Turkey.

After the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, Turkey became the dynamic, modernizing, and secular state it is today. Under the last name Atatürk ("Father of Turks"), he introduced many reforms that helped transform Turkey into a modern nation. Much of these changes were implemented under the tutelage of his son and successor, Mustafa Kemal Pasha, and many of the reforms he introduced after his death in 1938 remain the ideological foundation of modern Turkey.

For starters, the modern Turkish state was born of a national consciousness that had developed only in the late nineteenth century. The founding of the Turkish national movement was triggered by the rise of nationalist movements in Europe and the Middle East in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

The Turkish delegation in Lausanne tried to convince the British, French and Italian delegates that the government in Ankara had no interest in the ancient Muslim East Turk represented by the Ottoman Empire. However, Turkish General Mustafa Kemal was more interested in stoking Turkish nationalism and driving foreign occupying forces out of Turkey itself. Rumors of such brutality angered the already growing revolutionary faction of the Turkish Nationalist Party (AKP) in Europe, led by Mustafas Kemals and Ataturk. The Second Turkish Historical Congress met in Paris, where further desperate steps were taken to prove that the Turks were indeed a central part of the "white" European race.

More About Turkey

More About Turkey